By Edwin P. Hoyt
Для сайта:Мир книгThe epic conflict of Stalingrad should be remembered as one among history’s so much savage conflicts. right here world-renowned army historian Edwin P. Hoyt tells the total tale of this bloody conflict, utilizing records from Moscow and American data in addition to first-person testimonials from Stalingrad’s heroic survivors.With the dramatic energy of a main storyteller, Hoyt recreates the phrases and deeds of the battle’s chiefparticipants: its ruthless warlords, Hitler and Stalin; its fabled generals, von Paulus and Marshal Zhukov; its infantrymen and civilians who fought, bled and died. during this thought-provoking and grimly interesting publication, Hoyt provides a few startling and illuminating insights into this important conflict.
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Additional info for 199 Days: The Battle for Stalingrad
The enemy might make a breakthrough—that was the nature of war—but within hours, or days, the resources would be summoned to the proper place to contain the enemy, and the crisis would end. But it was not happening now. 10 In the beginning of their first offensive, the Russians moved slowly and erratically. Marshal Zhukov finally ordered the Western Front armies to set up mobile groups with tanks, cavalry, and infantry to strike behind the enemy and not content themselves with trying to push him back frontally, which had been the Russian tactics in the first months of the war.
In May 1942 the SMERSH (Death to Spies) organization was established under Lavrenti Beria, the chief of internal security, to deal specifically with military deserters. SMERSH was given enormous power to deal with those suspected of disloyalty and their families, including that of execution without trial. A new guidance on penal battalions was also published. By 1942 each Russian front commander had ten to fifteen penal battalions at his disposal. The battalions were headed by staffs of ordinary soldiers and officers.
Stalin was sure, however, that his forces were in better array than those of his enemy. Even the local defeats of Russian forces in the battles of February and March had not convinced him that the German army was springing back. The Russians knew what the Germans planned—movement in the south—and Stalin decided to counter it. The first spring offensive, then, was launched in the Crimea on April 9, on the Kerch Peninsula. The Russians attacked Field Marshal Erich von Manstein's army, not knowing it had been reinforced by the 22nd Panzer Division and one other division and by General Wolfram von Richthofen's 4th Air Fleet.
199 Days: The Battle for Stalingrad by Edwin P. Hoyt