A century of ambivalence : the Jews of Russia and the Soviet by Zvi Gitelman PDF

By Zvi Gitelman

ISBN-10: 0253338115

ISBN-13: 9780253338112

Now again in print in a brand new edition!
A Century of Ambivalence
The Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1881 to the Present
Second, accelerated Edition
Zvi Gitelman

A richly illustrated survey of the Jewish ancient event within the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the post-Soviet era.

"Anyone with even a passing curiosity within the heritage of Russian Jewry should want to personal this splendid... book." ―Janet Hadda, la Times

"... a badly wanted old viewpoint on Soviet Jewry.... [Gitelman] is evenhanded in his remedy of varied sessions and issues, in addition to in his total overview of the Soviet Jewish experience.... A Century of Ambivalence is illuminated by means of a rare choice of photos that vividly replicate the hopes, triumphs and agonies of Russian Jewish life." ―David E. Fishman, Hadassah journal

"Wonderful images of well-known personalities, unknown villagers, small hamlets, markets and communal buildings mix with the textual content to create an uplifting [book] for a vast and common audience." ―Alexander Orbach, Slavic Review

"Gitelman’s textual content presents an incredible observation and cautious old explanation.... His portrayal of the promise and disillusionment, wish and melancholy, highbrow restlessness succeeded via speedy repression enlarges the reader’s knowing of the dynamic forces in the back of probably the most vital routine in modern Jewish life." ―Jane S. Gerber, Bergen Jewish News

"... a lucid and fairly aim well known historical past that expertly threads its manner throughout the dizzying reversals of the Russian Jewish experience." ―Village Voice

A century in the past the Russian Empire contained the biggest Jewish neighborhood on the earth, numbering approximately 5 million humans. this present day, the Jewish inhabitants of the previous Soviet Union has faded to part one million, yet is still most likely the world’s 3rd biggest Jewish group. within the intervening century the Jews of that zone were on the heart of a few of the main dramatic occasions of recent history―two international wars, revolutions, pogroms, political liberation, repression, and the cave in of the USSR. they've got undergone tumultuous upward and downward fiscal and social mobility and skilled nice enthusiasms and profound disappointments. In startling photos from the documents of the YIVO Institute for Jewish study and with a full of life and lucid narrative, A Century of Ambivalence strains the old adventure of Jews in Russia from a interval of creativity and repression within the moment half the nineteenth century throughout the paradoxes posed through the post-Soviet period. This redesigned version, consisting of greater than 2 hundred images and gigantic new chapters at the destiny of Jews and Judaism within the former Soviet Union, is perfect for normal readers and school room use.

Zvi Gitelman is Professor of Political technological know-how and Director of the Jean and Samuel Frankel heart for Judaic experiences on the college of Michigan. he's writer of Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics: The Jewish Sections of the CPSU, 1917–1930 and editor of sour Legacy: Confronting the Holocaust within the USSR (Indiana college Press).

Published in organization with YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Contents
Introduction
Creativity as opposed to Repression: The Jews in Russia, 1881–1917
Revolution and the Ambiguities of Liberation
Reaching for Utopia: development Socialism and a brand new Jewish Culture
The Holocaust
The Black Years and the grey, 1948–1967
Soviet Jews, 1967–1987: To Reform, Conform, or Leave?
The "Other" Jews of the previous USSR: Georgian, imperative Asian, and Mountain Jews
The Post-Soviet period: Winding Down or beginning Again?
The Paradoxes of Post-Soviet Jewry

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Additional info for A century of ambivalence : the Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1881 to the present

Sample text

Former officers below the rank of lieutenant colonel also contributed mightily in the areas of training, organization, administration and tactical leadership. The vast quantity of expertise these men contributed could not have been provided by the small number of leftist officers who naturally gravitated to the Red cause. The party’s dependence on these men is reflected in the state decree that every military commissariat from local to national level had to include a former officer – 22 T H E B I RT H O F R E D A R M Y hence the huge numbers employed.

Given the revolutionary context of the creation of the army and the ideological ramifications of using voenspetsy Stalin had a valid point in questioning if a government commissariat would be able to operate without the oversight of the Central Committee. Was this the party’s army or not? Trotsky had made the decision to use military specialists in his capacity as Commissar of Military Affairs, under the authority of the Sovnarkom. Yet, Stalin referred the question to the party, so in the end Stalin actually won.

The practical manifestation of this thinking was first the commissar and then the Political Administration of the Red Army (commonly referred to as PUR). The Bolsheviks assigned commissars at all levels down to the most important front-line unit, the regiment. On the one hand it looks as though the Civil War and use of voenspetsy caused the creation of PUR, yet on the other hand one must consider that under all circumstances if the army of the Bolshevik state were to be the party’s army it would need an appropriate administration to train it up in the ways of Marx and Lenin.

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A century of ambivalence : the Jews of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1881 to the present by Zvi Gitelman


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