This number of newly comissioned essays through foreign participants bargains a consultant assessment of an important advancements in modern philosophical logic.
•Presents controversies in philosophical implications and purposes of formal symbolic common sense.
•Surveys significant traits and provides unique insights.
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Extra info for A Companion to Philosophical Logic
One can also descend with respect to terms: All men are mortal. Therefore: John and Simon are mortal. Aristotelian logic, when cast in the mold of traditional syllogistic theory, is a termlogic, rather than a logic of propositions. The medievals liberated themselves from the term-logical straitjacket of the Aristotelian syllogistics, first by considering also 29 E. P. BOS AND B. G. SUNDHOLM syllogisms with singular judgments, that is, categorical [S is P] propositions of the form [s is P], where s is a singular term.
Here again, a difference in logical theory may have been closely entwined with a difference in philosophical standpoint. References Primary texts Aristotle, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, On Interpretation, Categories, Topics, On Sophistical Refutations. Plato, Theaetetus, Sophist. Translations with commentary Ackrill, J. L. (1963) Aristotle, Categories and De Interpretatione. Oxford: Clarendon Press (Clarendon Aristotle Series). Barnes, Jonathan (1993) Aristotle, Posterior Analytics. 2nd edn.
N. Kretzmann and E. Stump (Cambridge University Press, 1988). The equally monumental Logica Modernorum, vol. II (two parts), (Assen: Van Gorcum, 1967) by L. M. de Rijk, contains the original sources for the theory of supposition and other basic properties of terms. Among original works we have found the William of Sherwood’s thirteenthcentury textbook Introduction to Logic (English translation by Norman Kretzmann), (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1966) a useful general introduction to most issues covered in the present chapter.
A Companion to Philosophical Logic