By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
From 1945 via 1962, the USA atmospheric nuclear guns checking out application concerned millions of army and civilian body of workers, and a few of them have been uncovered to ionizing radiation. Veterans' teams have given that been involved that their individuals' healthiness used to be plagued by radiation publicity linked to participation in nuclear assessments and feature careworn Congress for incapacity reimbursement. a number of items of laws were handed to compensate either army and civilian body of workers for such well-being results. Veterans' matters concerning the accuracy of reconstructed doses triggered Congress to have the final Accounting workplace (GAO) evaluate the dose reconstruction application used to estimate publicity. The GAO research concluded that dose reconstruction is a legitimate approach to estimating radiation dose and will be used because the foundation of repayment. It additionally urged an self sufficient assessment of the dose reconstruction application. the results of that advice used to be a congressional mandate that the security chance relief company (DTRA), part of the dep. of safeguard, ask the nationwide examine Council to behavior an self sufficient overview of the dose reconstruction application. in keeping with that request, the nationwide examine Council verified the Committee to check the Dose Reconstruction software of the security probability aid business enterprise within the Board on Radiation results learn (BRER).
The committee randomly chosen pattern documents of doses that have been reconstructed via DTRA and thoroughly evaluated them. The committee's file describes its findings and gives responses to the various questions which were raised by way of the veterans.
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Extra info for A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Html), the NTPR program has four primary objectives, which are summarized below: • Providing participant and radiation-dose information to support medical and compensation programs administered by VA and the Department of Justice. The NTPR program also ensures that veterans can obtain access to relevant documents and records about their involvement in US atmospheric nuclear tests or in the occupation forces of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. • Conducting historical-records research. Over 100 archives nationwide have been researched for relevant information.
In January 1978, the Nuclear Test Personnel Review (NTPR) program4 was officially initiated as a coordinated effort of the DNA and the Energy Research and Development Administration. Science Applications Incorporated (now Science Applications International Corporation, SAIC) has held a contract to perform dose reconstructions on military personnel almost since the inception of the NTPR program. One of the first attempts to gather information was a program where veterans were encouraged to call a toll-free number and register data related to their participation.
The working group concluded that the available dose information did not meet the criteria for epidemiology, so doseresponse analyses were not performed. 7 General Accounting Office Reports on the NTPR Program GAO published two reports related to exposures of veterans in the atmospheric nuclear-weapons testing program. The first, Nuclear Health and Safety: Radiation Exposures for Some Cloud-Sampling Personnel Need to be Reexamined (GAO, 1987), was undertaken at the request of the chairman of the Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs.
A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency