By Hans-Christian Schmitz
Hans-Christian Schmitz argues speaker has to utter a sentence in a manner that makes the hearer understand not less than these phrases which are adequate for figuring out the complete sentence. In spoken language the speaker has to intensify those phrases. Semantics results of accentuation seem as epi-phenomena in their pragmatic functionality. the writer defines a proper version for the translation of incompletely famous sentences and derives a context-sensitive rule of accentuation. the guideline of accentuation is experimentally evaluated.
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Extra resources for Accentuation and Active Interpretation (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Languages and Cognition)
The competing hypothesis requires that the speaker make sure that these words be recognisable as well, and that the recipient direct his attention to them. Reply: the articulatory and recognition effort that must be made according to objection 2 is exaggerated. Non-accentuated words do not need to be recognised in order for interpretation to be successful; they often are not recognised. It is obvious that recipients can under certain circumstances completely reconstruct sentences that have not been uttered completely.
Furthermore, recognising the syllable that is known to carry word stress also facilitates the recognition of multisyllabic words. When the stressed syllable of a multi-syllabic word is recognised correctly, all expectable words whose stressed syllable differs from the recognised syllable can be excluded. It can also plausibly be assumed that a syllable stress directs the attention of the recipient beyond the syllable to the meaningful unit – here the word – which should increase the probability of a correct recognition.
Furthermore, fulﬁlment of the maxims appears to guarantee cooperative behaviour: if a speaker always expresses himself as it is required, does not withhold information, never makes superﬂuous, irrelevant remarks, only says what he can rightly believe to be true, and if each of his utterances is clearly intelligible, then he behaves cooperatively in an exemplary manner. ) point to irony, the recipient may be able to simply negate the literal meaning and see if the result of this operation fulﬁls the conversational maxims.
Accentuation and Active Interpretation (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Languages and Cognition) by Hans-Christian Schmitz