By Peter W.B. Phillips, Chika B. Onwuekwe
This quantity explores the criminal, fiscal and political debate over highbrow estate rights for normal wisdom and genetic assets, interpreting conception and perform of entry and merits sharing all over the world. The e-book investigates present flashpoints — the conflict among Monsanto and Percy Schmeiser over farmers’ rights; disputes over coexistence of genetically transformed and natural produce; and possession and keep an eye on of human genetic fabrics kept in human gene banks round the world.
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This quantity explores the felony, monetary and political debate over highbrow estate rights for normal wisdom and genetic assets, reading idea and perform of entry and merits sharing world wide. The publication investigates present flashpoints — the conflict among Monsanto and Percy Schmeiser over farmers’ rights; disputes over coexistence of genetically changed and natural produce; and possession and keep watch over of human genetic fabrics kept in human gene banks world wide.
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Extra resources for Accessing and Sharing the Benefits of the Genomics Revolution
It merely acknowledges the following two key things. First, the economic values in these items and second, that in the biotechnology world, economic indices have overshadowed other means of measuring value. It is therefore for each source community with the help of its sovereign state to decide how to part with its PGRS and the traditional knowledge about them—either freely or on receipt of valuable consideration. However, without such recognition the demand for respect simpliciter of traditional or indigenous knowledge appears utopian.
He contends that these two theoretical perspectives, although initially meant to justify physical property, also provide a justification for intellectual property. Hughes uses the following three propositions to explain how ideas can be propertized under Locke’s approach: [F]irst, that the production of ideas requires a person’s labour; second, that these ideas are appropriated from a “common” which is not significantly devalued by the idea’s removal; and third, that ideas can be made property without breaching non-waste condition.
ONWUEKWE knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity ” Similarly, neither the Rio Declaration nor Agenda 21 defines “traditional knowledge,” notwithstanding they both used the term in various forms. For instance, Chapter 26 of Agenda 21 requires national governments to take certain actions in empowering indigenous peoples through “measures that include recognition of their values, traditional knowledge and resource management practices ” (see Blakeney, 2001).
Accessing and Sharing the Benefits of the Genomics Revolution by Peter W.B. Phillips, Chika B. Onwuekwe