By Henning Andersen (Ed.)
This selection of papers consolidates the commentary that linguistic switch regularly is actualized step-by-step: any structural innovation being brought, accredited, and generalized, over the years, in a single grammatical setting after one other, in a development that may be understood through connection with the markedness values and the rating of the conditioning positive factors. The creation to the amount and a bankruptcy via Henning Andersen make clear the theoretical bases for this remark, that is exemplified and mentioned in separate chapters by way of Kristin Bakken, Alexander Bergs and Dieter Stein, Vit Bubenik, Ulrich Busse, Marianne Mithun, Lene Schøsler, and John Charles Smith within the mild of information from the histories of Norwegian, English, Hindi, Northern Iroquoian, and Romance. a last bankruptcy by way of Michael Shapiro provides a philosophical viewpoint. The papers have been first offered in a workshop on “Actualization styles in Linguistic switch” on the XIV foreign convention on ancient Linguistics, Vancouver, B.C. in 1999.
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Additional info for Actualization: Linguistic Change in Progress. Papers from a Workshop Held at the 14th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Vancouver, B.C., 14 August 1999
Unmarked relation in the same contrast set, the Filipine form designates the marked category: it ... signifies lesser magnitude, shorter distance, worse evaluation, female sex, junior generation, or polarity" (Frake 1971). See Table 7. Both in Table 6 and in Table 7 we are dealing with what must at first have been stylistic lexical variation. One can understand why in English the Norman borrowings would have been codified, at first, as upper-class culinary terms. They are an example of 'change from above', but their semantic specialization, it would seem, fully explains the modern-day markedness relations.
The coffin is then raised, carried under the roof , through the forecourt, and up the ladder into the house , which stands on piles. The corpse is laid out in the men's  (the eastern ) half of the house, its head  to the east  and feet to the west . The corpse is then placed in the coffin with the same orientation, and the mourners are admitted to the house . Subsequently the coffin is brought down into the forecourt, where it may be rested on the east side , still with the same orientation .
Subsequently the coffin with her corpse is carried down from the house and rested on the west side of the house . The coffin of the inauspicious decedent is then carried out and to the grave, head first . The graves of the "bad dead" are dug running north to south , and the coffin is lowered into the grave headed north . Unmarked Ceremony  inside  house  man  east  head  east—west  south  right  auspicious  Marked No ceremony  outside  forecourt  woman  west  feet, tail  north—south  north  left  ominous  Table 2.
Actualization: Linguistic Change in Progress. Papers from a Workshop Held at the 14th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Vancouver, B.C., 14 August 1999 by Henning Andersen (Ed.)