By Bruce A. Glasrud
Till lately, histories of the yankee West gave little facts of the presence—let by myself importance—of African americans within the unfolding of the western frontier. There could have been a point out of Estevan, slavery, or the Dred Scott determination, however the wealthy and sundry event of African americans at the nice Plains went mostly unnoted. This publication, the 1st of its variety, offers that serious lacking bankruptcy in American history. Originally released over the span of twenty-five years in nice Plains Quarterly, the essays amassed the following describe the half African american citizens performed within the frontier military and as homesteaders, neighborhood developers, and activists. The authors deal with race family, discrimination, and violence. They inform of the fight for civil rights and opposed to Jim Crow, they usually study African American cultural development and contributions in addition to monetary and political elements of black existence at the nice Plains. From participants corresponding to “Pap” Singleton, period Bell Thompson, Aaron Douglas, and Alphonso Trent; to incidents at fortress Hays, Brownsville, and Topeka; to defining moments in govt, schooling, and the arts—this assortment bargains the 1st entire assessment of the black adventure at the Plains.
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Additional resources for African Americans on the Great Plains: An Anthology
Barbara Jordan and Shelby Hearon, Barbara Jordan: A Self-Portrait (Garden City ny: Doubleday, 1979); and Mary Beth Rogers, Barbara Jordan: American Hero (New York: Bantam, 1998). 33. 3 (Summer 2000): 225–34. chapter 1 Black Soldiers at Fort Hays, Kansas, 1867–1869: A Study in Civilian and Military Violence james n. leiker H istorians of the western army contend with many romanticized myths. ” By now, the origins of the segregated regiments are quite familiar. In 1866, with the nation’s acting military force having dwindled to a fraction of its Civil War size, the Republican Congress encouraged the enlistment of newly freed slaves and northern free blacks.
One year ago, for the joke of the thing, they elected a prostitute as one of the School Board, and another Street Commissioner. How it is to be expected black or white soldiers will act any other way when they get a taste of the lightning poison vended there is a mystery to us. 25 During periods of ineffective civilian law enforcement, Black Soldiers at Fort Hays, Kansas 33 black troops served as the town guard. In late 1867, a visitor recorded that: Hays City is really under martial law, the town being policed by soldiers from the fort; and, what makes it trebly obnoxious to some, the soldiers are colored.
John Edgar Tidwell (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992). 24. Bernice Love Wiggins, Tuneful Tales, ed. Maceo C. Dailey Jr. and Ruthe Winegarten (1925; rpt. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2002); Lillian B. Horace, Five Generations Hence (privately published, 1916); Robert M. Farnsworth, Melvin B. Tolson, 1898–1966: Plain Talk and Poetic Prophecy (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984); and J. , Heralding Dawn: An Anthology of Verse (Dallas: June Thomason, 1936). 25. Bruce A.
African Americans on the Great Plains: An Anthology by Bruce A. Glasrud