Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson PDF

By John S. Gilkeson

ISBN-10: 0511779550

ISBN-13: 9780511779558

ISBN-10: 0521766729

ISBN-13: 9780521766722

This publication examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, while Franz Boas left Germany for the U.S., till 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts used to be validated. 5 chapters hint the improvement inside educational anthropology of the thoughts of tradition, social type, nationwide personality, price, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to think about tradition anthropologically, as a "complex complete" some distance broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been notion and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social periods amazing by way of their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yank personality to socialization instead of beginning; to find the individuality of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in a world point of view.

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Herbert H. Rowen (New York: Harper, 1972), 237; Oswald Spengler, The Hour of Decision: Part One: Germany and World-Historical Evolution, trans. Charles Francis Atkinson (New York: Scribner, 1934), 67–68, quoted in H. : Transaction Publishers, 1992), 150; Jesse Rainsford Sprague, ‘‘The Chain-Store Mind: Reflections of a Shopkeeper,’’ Harper’s, February 1929, 359; Daniel T. : Harvard University Press, 1998), 372–376. 33 The First World War shattered American provincialism and fueled cultural nationalism.

Franz Boas to Robert H. Lowie, 30 December 1937, Robert Harry Lowie Papers, BANC MSS C-B 927, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley (hereafter Lowie Papers), box 5. Morton G. , Boston: Beacon, 1957), 12, 107. On the transatlantic revolt against positivism, see H. Stuart Hughes, Consciousness and Society: The Reorientation of European Social Thought, 1800–1930, rev. ed. (New York: Vintage, 1977). 34 Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America Boas also presided over the gradual movement of anthropology out of the museum into the university – a shift accelerated by his resignation from the American Museum of Natural History in 1905 in a dispute over how anthropological specimens should be exhibited.

New York: Scribner, 1973), 81–86. George W. , ‘‘From Physics to Ethnography,’’ in Race, Culture, and Evolution, 133–160; Cole, Franz Boas, 63–82. 48 In emigrating to the United States, Boas unwittingly condemned himself to nine years as a gypsy scholar. While serving as a geographical editor for Science magazine from 1887 until 1889, he learned that his German conception of geography as a human science differed from the prevailing American conception of geography, which Harvard’s William Morris Davis had defined along geomorphological lines.

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Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson

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