By Ian Kuijt
Drawing on either the result of contemporary archaeological learn and anthropological thought, major specialists synthesize present considering at the nature of and edition inside of Neolithic social preparations. The authors research archaeological information inside a number of methodological and theoretical views to reconstruct key points of formality practices, exertions association, and collective social identification on the scale of the loved ones, group, and region.
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Additional info for Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation
1995:5). In the three uppermost building levels (and very likely in the fourth as well) the spatial layout of the community consisted of a variety of structures 44 MICHAEL ROSENBERG AND RICHARD W. REDDING and features arranged around an open central activity area over 15 m in diameter. This central area is devoid of architectural features. It is also generally devoid of large-scale food preparation equipment such as stone mortars and grinding slabs, while such hand-held grinding stones as do occur in this area tend to be fire-cracked.
At that time some sites may have been used more extensively as human bone repositories, as for example the site of Eynan (Mallaha), which at the end of the Natufian occupation might have functioned solely as a graveyard (Valla 1981, 1987; Perrot et al. 1988). Individuals may have been initially buried elsewhere and later transferred to a site, possibly in sacks (Perrot et al. 1988), in order to be reburied in their traditional home range (Valla 1991). This practice could then be regarded as solid evidence of greater mobility than that which is attributed to the Early Natufian (Belfer-Cohen et al.
As noted by Keeley (1988), complexity creates resource stress-resource stress does not create complexity. Shnirelman (1992) supports this contention, maintaining that social evolution is more closely related to the degree of efficiency of a subsistence strategy than to the particular form of the economic activity. ” The fragility of complex groups is also discussed by Kosse (1994). She maintains that, while advantageous under certain conditions, socioeconomic complexity is not always essential for small-group survival.
Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation by Ian Kuijt