By Pierre Miquel
Книга по истории Европы, описывает период с 1450 по 1550 гг.
Содержит большое число иллюстраций по культуре и быту европейцев в эпоху великих географических открытий.
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Extra info for Au temps des grandes decouvertes: 1450-1550
From the Campeche perspective, restitution only meant privileging a closer center over a more distant one. The question of the cultural affinity of traditional cultures to new sovereign states is especially crucial in cases involving Fourth World nations. At present, however, the morality of restitution of cultural patrimony is confined to sovereign actors. The dilemma is yet to capture international attention. Resolving vague imperial legacies is further complicated when the claim of national patrimony is projected on to a distant historic or prehistoric past.
In 1970 UNESCO adopted the Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export, and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. "20 Yet, as the most comprehensive convention to protect cultural property in peacetime, it did establish legal hurdles in an attempt to stop the flow of cultural objects from the poor to the rich. These sentiments were explicated when the seemingly obvious premise that "cultural property is a basic element of people's identity" was adopted as a policy in 1976,21 and its ramifications had to be thought out.
In the face of unabashed efforts to develop the country, environmental and cultural preservation gives way to market forces. The past became a low priority. Developmental policies, deforestation, mineral exploration, and industrialization, are all privileged over preservation. As well, similar to the case of most indigenous peoples, in the cultural sense, modernization in Papua New Guinea is inextricably involved with missionaries who see it as their holy duty to reject the local tradition and its cultural artifacts of idols, "indecent" and otherwise.
Au temps des grandes decouvertes: 1450-1550 by Pierre Miquel