By Robin Maconie
Gertrude Stein and thinker Alfred North Whitehead have been not likely acquaintances who spent such a lot in their mature lives in exile: Stein in France and Whitehead within the usa. Their friendship used to be according to a mutual admiration for the philosophical pragmatism of William James and skepticism towards the eu culture of highbrow abstraction extending way back to Plato and Aristotle. notwithstanding neither used to be musical, either have been top exponents of a brand new orientation towards time and data acquisition that might pass directly to effect succeeding generations of composers. via Virgil Thomson, Stein got here to steer John Cage and the recent York university of summary tune; via his instructing within the usa, Whitehead’s philosophy of time and cognition got here to be obvious in the US and out of the country instead to Newtonian neoclassicism, another basically stated within the metric modulations of Elliott Carter and Conlon Nancarrow in addition to the post-1950 overall serialism of Pierre Boulez and Karlheinz Stockhausen.
The likely not going impact of Stein and Whitehead on Thomson, Cage, Carter, and the minimalists tells a striking tale of transmission inside and one of the arts and philosophy, one who Robin Maconie unravels via his sequence of essays in Avant Garde: An American Odyssey from Gertrude Stein to Pierre Boulez. Maconie explores, from Hollywood to Harvard, the best way track services as a kind of communique around the barriers of language, serving the factors of exchange and international relations via its illustration of nationwide identification, emotional personality, honorable goal, and social self-discipline. The research of tune as a language necessarily grew to become the thing of knowledge technological know-how after international conflict II, yet, as Maconie notes, 60 years on, music’s refusal to yield to clinical elucidation has generated a circulation of anti-music propaganda via a strong collective of star technological know-how writers. In a series of associated essays, Stockhausen expert Robin Maconie reconsiders the position of track and song know-how via cautious exam of key sleek suggestions with recognize to time, lifestyles, id, and courting as formulated by means of such thinkers as Einstein, Russell, Whitehead, and Stein, besides Freud, Schoenberg, Wittgenstein, and Marcel Duchamp.
This foray into paintings, track, technology, and philosophy is ideal for college students and students of those disciplines, in addition to these looking to comprehend extra deeply the effect those participants had on one another’s paintings and sleek song.
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Extra info for Avant Garde: An American Odyssey from Gertrude Stein to Pierre Boulez
Numerous artisans performed very specialized tasks, beginning with the curing and cutting (and sometimes the dyeing) of the animal skin, followed by the sketching of lines to guide the scribe and to set aside spaces for illumination, the lettering of the text, the addition of paintings, and ﬁnally the binding of the pages and attachment of covers, buckles, and clasps. The covers could be even more sumptuous than the book itself. Many covers survive that are fashioned of gold and decorated with jewels, ivory carvings, and repoussé reliefs (FIG.
San Vitale’s intricate plan and elevation combine to produce an effect of great complexity. The exterior’s octagonal regularity is not readily apparent inside (FIG. 9-8). A rich diversity of ever-changing perspectives greets visitors walking through the building. Arches looping over arches, curving and ﬂattened spaces, and wall and vault shapes seem to change constantly with the viewer’s position. Light ﬁltered through alabaster-paned windows plays over the glittering mosaics and glowing marbles that cover the building’s complex surfaces, producing a sumptuous effect.
The historian of his reign, Procopius, declared that the emperor’s ambitious building program was an obsession that cost his subjects dearly in taxation. But his grand monuments deﬁned the Byzantine style in architecture forever after. ) In scale, Hagia Sophia rivals the architectural wonders of Rome: the Pantheon, the Baths of Caracalla, and the Basilica of Constantine (see Chapter 7). In exterior view (FIG. 9-2), the great dome dominates the structure, but the building’s present external aspects are much changed from their original appearance.
Avant Garde: An American Odyssey from Gertrude Stein to Pierre Boulez by Robin Maconie