By James E. Baumgartner (ed.)
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That may provide some insight into the further topic of substorms that occur or do not occur during storms. This topic of substorm triggering is quite controversial in magnetospheric research and it will not serve the reader well to provide an encyclopedic July 12, 2007 19:32 30 spi-b486-v8 AOGS 2006 - ST Volume 9in x 6in ch-02 B. T. Tsurutani and W. D. Gonzalez review of all of the various ideas that have been presented to date. However, a brief discussion of some of the basic proposed mechanisms will be useful.
Thus, from this second criterion for convection bay events, AU/AL > 1, HILDCAAs do not appear to qualify as convection bays. It appears that HILDCAAs are neither substorms nor convection bays. We will place them in the “other” category for the present. However, we do know that it is probable that magnetic reconnection is responsible for the solar wind energy transfer to the magnetosphere and that HILDCCAs are some form of convection events. 42 have shown that when the ﬂuctuating IMF Bz ﬁelds of the Alfv´en waves are in the negative domain, there is a higher probability of having substorms.
Germany and J. Spann, Geophys. Res. Lett. 27 (2000) 4033. N. Fukushima, J. Geomagn. Geoelectr. 10 (1959) 164. R. Bostr¨ om, The Radiating Atmosphere, ed. B. M. McCormac (D. , Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1971), p. 357. Y. Kamide, M. -I. Akasofu, J. Geophys. Res. 81 (1976) 3810. N. F. Ness, J. Geophys. Res. 70 (1965) 2989. D. B. Beard, Rev. Geophys. 2 (1964) 335. F. Johnson, J. Geophys. Res. 65 (1961) 3049. J. W. Dungey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 6 (1961) 47. Y. Kamide, A. D. Richmond and S. Matsushita, J.
Axiomatic Set Theory by James E. Baumgartner (ed.)