By Gregory S. Parks, Marc Morial, Julianne Malveaux
Through the 20th century, black Greek-Letter firms (BGLOs) united students devoted to excellence, fostered kinship, and uplifted African american citizens. individuals of those companies comprise impressive and influential contributors resembling Martin Luther King Jr., Congresswoman Barbara Jordan, novelist Toni Morrison, and Wall highway pioneer Reginald F. Lewis. regardless of the profound impression of those teams, many now query the continued relevance of BGLOs, arguing that their golden age has handed. in part due to their perceived hyperlink to hip-hop tradition, black fraternities and sororities were unfairly diminished to a media stereotype -- a global of hazing with none actual substance. most people understands little or no approximately BGLOs, and unusually the contributors themselves frequently would not have a radical figuring out in their historical past and tradition or of the problems at the moment dealing with their enterprises. To foster a better engagement with the historical past and contributions of BGLOs, Black Greek-Letter corporations within the Twenty-first Century: Our struggle Has simply began brings jointly a powerful staff of authors to discover the contributions and carrying on with chances of BGLOs and their contributors. Editor Gregory S. Parks and the contributing authors supply historic context for the improvement of BGLOs, exploring their provider actions in addition to their relationships with different famous African American associations. The publication examines BGLOs' responses to a few modern matters, together with non-black club, homosexuality inside BGLOs, and the conception of BGLOs as proficient gangs. As illustrated via the geared up reaction of BGLO individuals to the racial injustice they saw in Jena, Louisiana, those corporations nonetheless have a necessary venture. either internally and externally, BGLOs fight to forge a proper identification for the hot century. Internally, those teams strive against with many concerns, together with hazing, homophobia, petty intergroup festival, and the trouble of bridging the divide among collage and alumni individuals. Externally, BGLOs face the problem of rededicating themselves to their groups and major an competitive crusade opposed to smooth kinds of racism, sexism, and different forms of fear-driven habit. through embracing the background of those businesses and exploring their carrying on with viability and relevance, Black Greek-Letter companies within the Twenty-first Century demonstrates that BGLOs can create a favorable and enduring destiny and that their most vital paintings lies forward.
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Additional info for Black Greek-letter Organizations in the Twenty-First Century: Our Fight Has Just Begun
In addition to socializing, the early group members worked to improve their academic opportunities by studying together. The students borrowed one study technique from the members of white fraternities on campus. 11 Soon afterward, some leading members of this social/study group suggested that it become a literary society. The idea of a literary society was radical, in the sense that so many Americans were either illiterate or had little or no time for leisure reading. That these African American college men enjoyed such a luxury was telling.
For instance, Tandy, a student of architecture, designed the fraternity pin that all Alphas wear. Tandy also acted as the first treasurer of the fraternity, and he, along with Jones, helped charter the second chapter of the fraternity at Howard University and the fourth chapter at the University of Toronto. Tandy’s determination to make life better for black people did not end when he graduated. 78 Their efforts were successful, and Sage reluctantly admitted black female students. Tandy was a Mason and an Elk, and in 1917, he became the first African American to be commissioned as an officer in the New York National Guard.
Org (accessed July 4, 2006). 20. net (accessed July 4, 2006). 21. While I was preparing this book, an executive officer from one NPHC organization strongly encouraged me to remove certain chapters. The individual indicated that if I did not, the organization would informally boycott the book. 22. When I was soliciting grant funding for my earlier coedited work, African American Fraternities and Sororities, a BGLO alumni chapter considered providing such funds, but only if there were profit sharing involved, apparently assuming that academic publishing was as profitable as trade publishing.
Black Greek-letter Organizations in the Twenty-First Century: Our Fight Has Just Begun by Gregory S. Parks, Marc Morial, Julianne Malveaux