By Valerie C. Johnson
The country’s greatest focus of African American suburban affluence represents a special laboratory to review the inner components linked to African American political ascendancy and the convergence of race and sophistication. Black strength within the Suburbs chronicles Prince George’s County, Maryland, and the twenty-three 12 months quest by way of African american citizens to steer academic coverage and develop into equivalent companions within the county’s governing coalition. Johnson demanding situations traditional notions of a monolithic neighborhood by means of addressing the way during which classification cleavages between African americans have an effect on their illustration and coverage pursuits in suburbia. She additionally files white resistance to energy sharing and the effect of faculty desegregation on white inhabitants traits.
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Extra info for Black Power in the Suburbs: The Myth or Reality of African American Suburban Political Incorporation
The Maryland National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCP&PC) was established in 1927 by the General Assembly. In the same manner as the WSSC, the M-NCP&PC is a bi-county agency that was created to “oversee orderly bi-county development” in Prince George’s and Montgomery counties. 7 The governing coalition in Prince George’s County is comprised of the county executive, the county council, key members to the county’s delegation to the Maryland State Legislature, the County Economic Development Cor- 32903_SP_JOH_CH02_023-044 24 8/13/02, 9:21 PM Prince George’s County 25 poration, the political parties, the Democratic Central Committee (which acts in tandem with the Democratic Party), the major banks and savings and loan associations, the Chamber of Commerce, the construction industry, a group of inﬂuential attorneys, and the WSSC and M-NCP&PC.
The Committee of 100 was established to monitor the county’s school desegregation plan. Since its inception, it has presented a number of proposals that have greatly inﬂuenced school board action. In addition to the Committee of 100, parents, educators, and civic groups and leaders also have formed ad hoc advisory committees that have been inﬂuential in the education policy arena. The county council currently is composed of nine members elected from nine separate districts. Prior to the 1982 general election, however, there were eleven county council members elected in six districts (ﬁve elected at large and six elected in separate districts).
Although the decade of the 1960s exhibited great racial transformation, it was a far cry from the changes that took place during the 1970s. By 1980, the African-American population increased by 188 percent, bringing the African-American population to 37 percent of the total population. 4 percent of the total population. In the early 1970s, Prince George’s County was quite segregated. 46 Although the 1970s experienced new population trends between the African-American and white populations, the county’s population as a whole remained relatively stable.
Black Power in the Suburbs: The Myth or Reality of African American Suburban Political Incorporation by Valerie C. Johnson