Download PDF by Jane Bunnag: Buddhist Monk, Buddhist Layman: A Study of Urban Monastic

By Jane Bunnag

ISBN-10: 0511557574

ISBN-13: 9780511557576

ISBN-10: 0521040647

ISBN-13: 9780521040648

ISBN-10: 0521085918

ISBN-13: 9780521085915

Such a lot anthropological and sociological stories of Buddhism have focused on village and rural Buddhism. this can be a systematic anthropological learn of monastic association and monk-layman interplay in a basically city context within the international locations the place Theravada Buddhism is practised, specifically, Burma, Cambodia, Ceylon, Laos and Thailand. the cloth offered is predicated on fieldwork performed in Ayutthaya, valuable Thailand. Dr Bunnag describes and analyses the socio-economic and formality kin latest among the monk and the lay group, and he or she demonstrates the way the function of the monk is utilized by a few males, wittingly or another way, as a social stepping-stone, in that for the son of a farmer a interval within the monkhood provides the schooling and contacts essential to facilitate his assimilation into the city lay neighborhood at a social and fiscal point which might another way were most unlikely. eventually, Dr Bunnag areas the cloth provided in a broader theoretical context via reviewing it with regards to anthropological discussions in regards to the nature of Thai society as an entire.

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Extra info for Buddhist Monk, Buddhist Layman: A Study of Urban Monastic Organization in Central Thailand

Example text

It is both impossible and unnecessary to discuss in turn each of the 227 rules in the Patimo\\ha, a good number of which are in any case only relevant to the conditions prevailing in India during the early days of the development of the Buddhist Sangha. Consequently the scope of the discussion can be limited to those proscriptions, proffered by informants both monk and lay, as being the most important criteria for distinguishing the 'way of the monk' {thang phrd) from the 'way of the world' {thang lol().

Suffering of all kinds is considered to be a necessary condition of existence. Nevertheless there is a Buddhist ceremony sometimes performed in time of illness with a view to improving the merit balance of the sufferer (Wells i960, p. 209). 21 Buddhist mon\^ Buddhist layman is instrumental in causing illness, the fact that one becomes ill, is of course, in theory, ultimately explicable with reference to the state of one's merit balance, although this link is rarely traced by the sufferer. The Thais consider that any person can acquire the ability to heal or to tell horoscopes by diligent study of the text-books where these Hinduistic practices are revealed.

During my period of fieldwork I attended two ordination ceremonies which were financed by the abbot of the wat of ordination, and a third, the expenses of which were shared between the bhiJ^kJius and a wealthy spinster, who said that having no sons of her own, she was pleased to make merit by sponsoring the ordinand. The candidate for ordination however requires the backing of a number of householders, in another than financial form. According to a series of Acts on the Administration of the Buddhist Order of Sangha which were passed in the first half of the present century (betwen 1902 and 1941) the ordinand must present to the bhi\\hu who is to confer ordination upon him, a completed certificate of application.

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Buddhist Monk, Buddhist Layman: A Study of Urban Monastic Organization in Central Thailand by Jane Bunnag


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