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By Richard J. Szabo.

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Typical one-on-one LIDT thresholds for dielectric coatings in Copyright © 2002 by Taylor & Francis (A) (B) Figure 10 Effects of 1% moisture incorporation into thin film dielectric layers on (A) transmission of a three-layer antireflectance coating and (B) reflection of a 20-layer full reflector. (From Ref. ) the UV are several J/cm2 and S-on-one thresholds are two to four times lower [42]. A recent investigation of 248 nm laser damage of multilayer dielectric stacks employed photothermal displacement and mirage techniques to assess 1on-1 LIDTs in both fluoride and oxide systems [72].

Some of these studies reported that k and x as defined in Eq. (5) varied somewhat between grades and with incident fluence levels. 1 mJ/cm2 /pulse), an ultramarathon irradiation study has been recently performed [57]. It used time-delay pulse multiplexing of a 2 kHz lithography-grade 193 nm laser beam for an effective operating rate of 8 kHz. The study used polarized light and periodically assessed both interferometric wavefront distortion and stress-induced birefringence of the irradiated fused silica samples.

Physica Status Solidi B 116: 279–287, 1983. 33. S Sakaguchi, S Todoroki, S Shibata. J Am Ceram Soc 79: 2821–2824, 1996. 34. DJ Krajnovich, IK Pour, AC Tam, WP Leung, MV Kulkarni. Opt Lett 18: 453– 455, 1993. 35. DR Sempolinski, TP Seward, C Smith, N Borrelli, C Rosplock. J Non Crystal Solids 203: 69–77, 1995. 36. P Schermerhorn. Proc SPIE 1835: 70–79, 1992. 37. R Schenker, L Eichner, H Vaidya, S Vaidya, WG Oldham. Proc SPIE 2440: 118– 25, 1995. 38. S Thomas, B Kuhn. Proc SPIE 2966: 56–64, 1996.

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Busstepp Lectures on String Theory by Richard J. Szabo.

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