By Anson F. Rainey
This four-volume reference paintings bargains with the language of the Amarna letters written by way of scribes who had followed a unusual dialect mix of Accadian and West Semitic syntax. as well as the texts from Canaan, a number of from Alashia are integrated besides the texts from Kamed el-Loz and Taanach.
Each of the 1st 3 volumes is written as a separate monograph; jointly they deal with the issues of morphology and syntax. the 1st quantity covers writing, pronouns and nouns (substantives, adjectives and numerals); the second one quantity treats the verbal method; and the 3rd quantity discusses debris and adverbs with a bankruptcy on observe order. The fourth quantity contains the bibliography and index to the set.
Since those texts are the earliest witness to West Semitic syntax, they're a useful resource for the old examine of the North West Semitic kinfolk, together with biblical Hebrew.
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Extra resources for Canaanite in the Amarna Tablets: A Linguistic Analysis of the Mixed Dialect Used by Scribes from Canaan
G. i-pe-es (EA 73:25; 89:43), i-pe-sa (EA 129:27; also [i-p]e-sa EA 79:24) and i-[p ]e-si. (EA 132:44), i-pe-esI5 (EA 69:17; 129:29; 362:45; and outside of Byblos, EA 250:21; 364:22) as well as i-re-si (EA 81:38; also i-re-si[-i]m EA 74:19 and [i-r]e-s[i] (EA 90:44), and from Beirut i-re-bi (EA 143:18) The earliest attestation to the initial i vowel is from Tanaach: i-pe-sa-am (TT 2:11); the same letter happens to have the noun ip-sa-su-nu "their work" (TT 2:14). The source of these forms is most likely contamination with nominal forms such as ipsu / epsu, which has the meaning "act, deed," only in the 1.
Therefore, the comparison with the sign in EA 108:15 is still cogent; the same goes for Moran's identification of the sign in question as KESDA = SIR. ru, CAD K:437b-438). Moran's collation confirms Schroeder's reading of the first sign in line 43 as mar (Schroeder 1918), which gives the rare logogram for mariannu (unrecorded in CAD M/1:281b). MES SIR: siir-ma. Schroeder had sought in vain for an Egyptian word, *sir, but Moran had seen that si-ir was the explanation of the Sumerian word sign (both had recognized that the -rna was the Akkadian enclitic).
10). g. the learned introductory imperative q(-bf-ma (EA 64:2; 67:1; 77:1; 84:2; 96:2; 130:2) used elsewhere EA 1:2; 3:2; 5:4; 10:1; 19:3). A few texts from Byblos have q(-ba-ma (EA 73:33; 83:39; 93:10). Note esecially these forms from lequ: fl-qe (EA 91:19), el-qe-su-nu (EA 294:23); la-q( (EA 114:44), la-q(-ta (EA 274:15), a-na la-q(-i (EA 244:23), la-q(-i (EA 263:11, 12). Note the spelling of the following GN: KURQ(-in-sa (EA 174:12; 175:10; 176:10), which has led Hittologists to adopt the form Kinza!
Canaanite in the Amarna Tablets: A Linguistic Analysis of the Mixed Dialect Used by Scribes from Canaan by Anson F. Rainey