By Alexandra Beytenbrat
This quantity offers an research of Russian case from a sign-oriented standpoint. The learn was once encouraged by means of William Diver’s research of Latin case and follows the spirit of the Columbia tuition of linguistics. the elemental premise that underlies this quantity is that language is a communicative software formed by way of human behavior.In this research, case is considered as a semantic entity. every one case is assigned an invariant that means inside of a bigger semantic process, that is proven via a number of examples from spoken language and literary texts to demonstrate that the distribution of instances is semantically stimulated and outlined via communicative rules that may be linked to human habit.
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Additional resources for Case in Russian: A sign-oriented approach
Factive (F), the case of the object or being resulting from the action or state identified by the verb, or understood as a part of the meaning of the verb. Locative (L), the case which identifies the location or spatial orientation of the state or action identified by the verb. Objective (O), the semantically most neutral case, the case of anything representable by a noun whose role in the action or state identified by the verb is identified by the semantic interpretation of the verb itself; conceivably the concept should be limited to things which are affected by the action or state identified by the verb.
Thus case forms are what we call nominative, accusative, genitive, etc. Deep cases, on the other hand, are what Fillmore refers to as “the types of semantic relations that elements of sentence structures have with each other in context” (Fillmore 1977: 60). In other words, according to Fillmore deep cases are what we know nowadays as semantic/thematic/theta roles. , it represents semantic relations that underlie a sentence. Surface structure is a deep structure that underwent transformational rules and it represents the actual sentence we produce.
There are two NPs with phonetic content that have to receive case – John and chocolate-chip cookies. , any case but the nominative and the accusative, by the locative complementizer for. Chocolate-chip cookies is assigned the accusative case by the verb eat. Each NP receives case and therefore, the Case Filter is satisfied. Example (23), on the other hand is ungrammatical, because the Case Filter is violated. In (23) the NP John is supposed to get either the nominative or the oblique case. However, John is the subject of the embedded sentence, John to eat chocolate-chip cookies, which doesn’t have tense.
Case in Russian: A sign-oriented approach by Alexandra Beytenbrat