By Douglas Walton
This booklet examines the character of facts for personality judgments, utilizing a version of abductive reasoning known as Inference To the easiest clarification. The ebook expands this concept in accordance with fresh paintings with versions of reasoning utilizing argumentation thought and synthetic intelligence. the purpose is not only to teach how personality judgments are made, yet how they need to be effectively be made in line with sound reasoning, averting universal blunders and superficial judgments.
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Additional resources for Character Evidence: An Abductive Theory (Argumentation Library)
Character evidence is one of the most important elements in everyday life argumentation and in business, and does seem to be predictive. Yet, as we have seen, the rules of evidence ban character evidence if used to prove conduct in a specific instance. Even so, the law itself seems conflicted, because of exceptions to that rule. In many a trial, the issue of whether character evidence should be deemed relevant has been highly contested. In the televised criminal trial of O. J. Simpson, for example, the two sides argued with the judge about the admissibility of evidence that Simpson has beaten and stalked Nicole Brown Simpson even before the trial started (Park, 1996, p.
Hence the character ban in legal rules of evidence. For these reasons, the literature on ethics has centered on different properties of character than the legal literature in evidence law. The concern of evidence law has been with excluding arguing from general character propensities to allegations about whether a specific action was carried out by a particular person. The concern of virtue ethics is with the way general character properties, like honesty or integrity, can have ethical import in judging actions as good or bad, and with the kinds of evidence that should be used to support or criticize claims about such general properties in a person.
But it is not hard to see that there is a definite panegyric element in such discourse. The intent is to evoke admiration for what are taken to be the excellent qualities of the person portrayed in the discourse. What is perhaps the key difference between ancient and modern panegyric discourse is that there has been a shift from what was taken to be a single set of ethical virtues to fragmented sets of different virtues for different groups. The existence of panegyric discourse and character assassination suggests that character judgment is often set in a framework of rhetorical argumentation.
Character Evidence: An Abductive Theory (Argumentation Library) by Douglas Walton