Read e-book online China: A New History (2nd Enlarged Edition) PDF

By John King Fairbank, Merle Goldman

ISBN-10: 0674018281

ISBN-13: 9780674018280

John King Fairbank was once the West's doyen on China, and this ebook is the complete and ultimate expression of his lifelong engagement with this significant old civilization. It continues to be a masterwork with out parallel. the celebrated historian Merle Goldman brings the ebook brand new, overlaying reforms within the post-Mao interval during the early years of the twenty-first century, together with the management of Hu Jintao. She additionally offers an epilogue discussing the alterations in modern China that may form the kingdom within the future years.

From Library Journal

No American student of China was once greater identified to the general public and academia alike than Fairbank. This heritage of China, accomplished days ahead of his loss of life in 1991, is a becoming ultimate paintings. In protecting the breadth of the country's background, from the earliest archaeological documents to the current, the writer is sometimes brief on info, yet lay readers and undergraduate scholars will have fun with the perceptive research and clarification all through, resulting in a greater realizing of this complicated country, its humans, and its significance on this planet. in addition, Fairbank's command of modern learn, besides a very good bibliography, will entice the scholarly viewers. hugely instructed.

About the Authors
John King Fairbank was once Francis Lee Higginson Professor of heritage and Director of the East Asian study middle at Harvard University.
Merle Goldman is Professor of historical past, Emerita, at Boston collage and affiliate of the toilet ok. Fairbank heart for East Asian learn, Harvard collage.

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Additional info for China: A New History (2nd Enlarged Edition)

Example text

In 1921 a single tooth from the site was identified as belonging to a primitive species of human. The first skull was found in 1929. Careful excavation from 1921 to 1937 and since 1959 has exhumed about 100,000 stone tools, over 100 teeth, 14 skulls, and many other bones representing more than 40 individuals of Homo erectus, the same species of early humans as the ones found in Java (1891), Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. They were little people. Peking Man stood about 5 feet, 2 inches tall, Peking Woman about 4 feet 9.

The Shang 34 rise and decline of the imperial autocracy bronzes, never surpassed in craftsmanship, are still one of humankind’s great artistic achievements. The Shang king was served by diviners who handled the writing system and took the auspices by scapulimancy (applying a hot point to create cracks in animal shoulder blades, interpreting these cracks as the advice of the ancestors, and inscribing the results on the bones). This produced the famous “oracle bones” that first led to excavation at Anyang.

The back-breaking labor of many hands became the accepted norm, and inventive efforts at labor saving remained the exception. Early modernizers of China, in their attempts to introduce the machine, constantly ran up against the vested interest of Chinese manpower, since in the short run the machine appeared to be in competition with human hands and backs. Thus railways were attacked as depriving carters and porters of their jobs, and there was no premium upon labor-saving invention. This unfavorable population-land balance had other implications as well.

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China: A New History (2nd Enlarged Edition) by John King Fairbank, Merle Goldman

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