By Ruth Stringer
This is the 1st ebook to check comprehensively the chlorine and its results at the atmosphere. It covers not just the background of chlorine creation, but additionally seems at its items, their results at the worldwide atmosphere, and the foreign laws which controls their use, unlock, and disposal.
person chapters are devoted to matters reminiscent of releases of organochlorines into the surroundings, and the environmental effect of ozone depletion, offering uncomplicated reasons of those complicated concerns. those are subsidized up with case reviews of landmark occasions within the heritage of the chlorine - for instance the Seveso explosion or the Yusho and Yu-Cheng mass poisonings.
With a transparent, concise textual content and various compilations of severe info, this booklet will end up a useful resource reference for environmental scientists, scholars, and coverage makers with an curiosity during this subject.
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Additional info for Chlorine and the Environment: An overview of the chlorine industry
Joshi, A. (1998) An emissions inventory for regional atmospheric modelling of mercury. , Lenka, M. B. (1990) Monitoring and assessment of mercury pollution in the vicinity of a chloralkali plant. 1. Distribution, availability and genotoxicity of sediment mercury in the Rushikulya estuary, India. The Science ofthe Total Environment 96(3): 281-296 PARCOM (1990) PARCOM decision 90/3 of 14 June 1990 on reducing atmospheric emissions from existing chlor-alkali plants PARCOM (1991) Mercury Reduction in the Liverpool Bay area.
Some 10% of phosgene is converted to polycarbonate. The remaining 10% is used in the manufacture of aliphatic mono- and di-isocyanates, chloroformates, agrochemieals and intermediates for pharmaceuticals and dyestuffs, with minor uses in recovery operations for precious metals including uranium, platinum and plutonium. Chloroformates are intermediates for ore flotation agents, perfumes, herbicides, insecticides and pharmaceuticals (Dunlap 1996). In 1996, figures indicated that phosgene for the manufacture of polycarbonates and polyurethanes alone accounted for 7% of global chlorine production (Chemical Week 1998).
85% ofapparent capacity), ofwhich about 63% found organic end applications (Raub 1991). 4% per year through 2002, with production of vinyl and phosgene forming major growth areas (Chemical Week 1998) (see also Chapter 1). Although it is not practical to cover all of the chlorinated material in use, this chapter considers some of the more important ones and, where possible, their impact on health and the environment. Compounds and processes of particular interest, such drinking water chlorination, chlorinated pesticides, PCBs and PVC are further discussed in subsequent chapters.
Chlorine and the Environment: An overview of the chlorine industry by Ruth Stringer