Download e-book for kindle: Civil Society and the Professions in Eastern Europe: Social by S. Wojciech Sokolowski

By S. Wojciech Sokolowski

ISBN-10: 0306462508

ISBN-13: 9780306462504

ISBN-10: 0306471779

ISBN-13: 9780306471773

Focusing on service-providing firms proven by way of healthiness and human provider pros in post-Communist Poland, this e-book provides a brand new measurement to the sociological examine of voluntary enterprises. the writer investigates the explanations and pursuits of the folks who identify those companies and the connections between organizational kinds, the social businesses of creation, and the occupational pursuits carrier providers.

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Extra resources for Civil Society and the Professions in Eastern Europe: Social Change and Organizational Innovation in Poland

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It is also possible that certain formal organizations deliberately rely, to varying degree, on social proximity to alleviate their transaction costs. This observation has important implications for the understanding of the nature of nonprofit–nongovernmental organizations. From that standpoint, the essence of this organizational form can be defined as the systematic and conspicuous utilization of social proximity to reduce the cost of doing business. Reliance on social proximity distinguishes the nonprofit organizational form from the institution of the market which, at least in its “pure” form, relies exclusively on individual self-interest and the values of the exchanged goods.

4. Major Economic Theories of Nonprofit Organizations, by Unit of Analysis and Causal CAUSAL MECHANISM Teleological Positive UNIT OF ANALYSIS Individual Transactions Theory: Demand heterogeneity Public good variant Transaction cost Contract failure variant Explanation: Organizations emerge because there is unmet demand for idiosyncratic collective goods. Organizations emerge because there is a need to reduce the monitoring costs in transactions encumbered by substantial information asymmetry between the parties.

In contrast to the demand heterogeneity model which explains why some public goods are not provided by public agencies, this theory explains why certain goods are not provided by the market. It stipulates that contractual transactions are bound to fail under certain conditions because of the lack of trust between the involved parties. This typically happens in three-way transactions, where the payer and the recipient of a good or service are two different people. Such a situation makes it difficult to monitor the quality of the delivered goods, WHAT IS TO BE EXPLAINED AND WHY?

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Civil Society and the Professions in Eastern Europe: Social Change and Organizational Innovation in Poland by S. Wojciech Sokolowski


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