By Peter Austin
During the last fifteen years, descriptions of Australian Aboriginal languages have supplied very important information for the typological research of morpho-syntactic phenomena. the current quantity provides descriptions of advanced sentence phenomena in ten Australian languages and gives very important new fabric during this quarter of present situation in linguistics. complicated sentences are defined both from a syntactic or from a semantic (discourse-functional) perspective. The papers draw on info from broadly disbursed and, in a few cases, formerly undescribed languages. between others descriptions of the (so-far) poorly identified non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia, in addition to Pama-Nyungan languages relevant and northern Australia are incorporated during this quantity.
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Additional resources for Complex Sentence Constructions in Australian Languages
He notes that in the VP-scope cases the verb itself is part of the 'new informa tion' presented in the reply while in the COMP-scope cases the verb is not, but is part of the 'presupposition' or 'old information' known to the questioner. ' (COMP-focus) *àli Interestingly from our point of view, under the scope of negation only the COMP-focus particle may be used even where there is no 'complement' and the verb stands alone in the verb phrase - see (74) and (75) and contrast (68): (74) Ta - ba - à - boombele sanna.
There is no suggestion that he made any attempt to act. An example is: (6) Ngapjaala milarla yanya yuwulu katluni. 10 That is, negating an irrealis subjunctive clause has the effect of denying that the occurrence of the situation is entertained or suggested, or denying that the actor wanted to do it. 3 Meaning of the subjunctive I suggest there is a single thread of meaning underlying the various senses of the future and irrealis subjunctive. On the face of it, such a meaning appears not to exist: whereas the future subjunctive generally indicates uncertainty on the part of the speaker as to the future occurrence of the situation, in using the irrealis subjunctive, the speaker is certain, the situation did not occur.
Paris: Hermann. S. & C E . Furby. 1977. Some Garawa sentence types. Talanya 4:10-23. Givon, T. 1975a. Negation in language: Pragmatics, function, ontology. Working Papers in Language Universals, 18:59-116. 1975b. Focus and the scope of assertion: Some Bantu evidence. Studies in African Linguistics, 6/2:185-205. Haiman, J. 1978. A study in polysemy. 1:1-34. Hale, K. 1975. Gaps in grammar and culture. In M. Dale Kinkade, K. Hale & O. ) Linguistics and anthropology: In honour of CF. Voegelin. 295-315.
Complex Sentence Constructions in Australian Languages by Peter Austin