By María Irene Moyna
This is often the 1st ebook committed totally to the heritage of compound phrases in Spanish. in accordance with information got from Spanish dictionaries and databases of the previous thousand years, it records the evolution of the most important compounding styles of the language. It analyzes the structural, semantic, and orthographic gains of every compound kind, and likewise presents an outline of its Latin antecedents, early attestations, and relative frequency and productiveness over the centuries. the combo of qualitative and quantitative facts indicates that even if such a lot compound kinds have survived, they've got gone through alterations in notice order and relative frequency. additionally, the publication indicates that the evolution of compounding in Spanish could be accounted for through approaches of language acquisition in young ones. This booklet, such as the entire info in chronological and alphabetical order, could be a invaluable source for morphologists, Romance linguists, and old linguists extra typically.
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Additional resources for Compound Words in Spanish: Theory and history
Chapter 1. ), but before number inflection (muchacho 'boy'~ muchachos, *muchachso). According to Harris, word class markers are not limited to the class of nouns, but are also present in verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Additionally, they have 'no meaning or function; they obey no higher semantic or syntactic authority'(1991: 59). , capable of bearing referential properties akin to classifier systems in several Asian languages (cf. 3 Until it is provided with a word class marker, a nominal stem cannot participate in syntax: *El gat- se escap6 otra vez por la ventana.
Items that are [-L] fulfill exclusively sentence syntactic functions. Those that are [-L. +F] derive their meaning from their syntactic function as operators. 3 Definitional properties of compounds To define compounding and distinguish it from other processes, it is necessary to delimit (a) its possible constituents; (b) its possible outputs; and (c) its possible internal operations. Different authors have drawn the line in different places, which is to be expected since the notion itself is not clear-cut or uniform across languages and gray areas abound (Dressler 2005: 24).
However, these two constituents within the word are invisible to the operations of syntax, so the whole behaves as an indivisible building block in sentence formation, a syntactic atvm: Estaban muy ojialegr~ 'They were very happy-eyecf, lit. 'eye-happy-P' vs. *estaban muy oji~ale~, 'they were very happy-eyed; lit 'eye-PL-happy-PL'; * estaban oji muy alegres 'they were eye very happy-PL'. In this second sense, ojialegre 'happy-eyed: lit. 'eye-happy' is distinguishable from ojo de buey 'porthole, lit 'eye of ox' in that the latter is not atomic: ojo!
Compound Words in Spanish: Theory and history by María Irene Moyna