By G. Caneva, O. Maggi, M. P. Nugari, A. M. Pietrini, R. Piervittori, S. Ricci (auth.), Paolo Mandrioli, Giulia Caneva, Cristina Sabbioni (eds.)
Aerobiology is the technological know-how that experiences the organic section of the ambience and its results on residing platforms and at the setting. This time period was once used for the 1st time in 1935, however the awareness of scientists to the organic portion of the ambience is going again to 1769, whilst the Italian biologist Spallanzani performed a sequence of experiments that disproved the concept that of spontaneous iteration of existence and proved the presence of achievable microorganisms within the air. Aerobiology has marked features of interdisciplinarity: its program fields diversity from respiration ailments to the airborne outbreak of animal and vegetal illnesses and to the biodegradation of gear and fabrics. The latter is the topic of this e-book. the aim of aerobiological learn utilized to the conservation of cultural history is to guage the danger of alteration via airborne microorganisms of fabrics forming artefacts of old, creative and archaeological curiosity. Airborne spores and vegetative constructions may perhaps advance on diversified substrates and should be a reason behind degradation, with regards to the categories of fabrics, the microclimatic scenario and the pollutants of the conservation environments. The qualitative and quantitative review of the organic portion of air, played by way of special research campaigns, and of the features of fabrics and environments, provides necessary info for the assessment of the particular threat and the making plans of interventions. This booklet is split into 4 major parts.
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Extra info for Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology: Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring
Percentage of time spent in various environments by the inhabitants of two cities of Central italy during the winter. g. where there is an increase in expiratory carbon dioxide and in consumption of oxygen; presence of polluting agents of various kinds. The evaluation of indoor air therefore includes both the investigation of physical, chemical and biological pollutants and the measurement of microclimatic physical parameters; other factors that determine the degree of comfort in an indoor environment are the level of lighting and noise.
1989), Algae of terrestrial habitats. Botanical Review; 55; 2; 77-105. J. (1972), 'Textiles Pests and Their Control". In Textiles Conservation, 1. E. Leene, London; 76-97. Hyvert, G. (1966), Quelques Actinomycetcs isolcs sur les gres des monuments cambodgiens. Revue de Mycologic»; 31; 2; 179-186 Ionita, I. (1971), Contributions to the study of the biodeterioration of works of art and historic monuments. II. Species of fungi isolated from stone monument. Rev. Roum. Bioi. Botaniquc; 16; 6; 433-436.
1). The effects of pollution on human health include some diseases for which it is possible to identify a specific aetiological factor, and non-specific diseases for which it is not possible to demonstrate a causal relationship with a certain pollutant, also because the damages to human health are increased by the sum and synergism of the various pollutants. Among the short- and medium-term effects, two syndromes stand out: building related illness (BRI) and sick building syndrome (SBS). BRI denotes diseases determined by clearly identifiable causal factors that affect a very limited number of occupants of a certain building and may be correlated with the presence of a specific pollutant.
Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology: Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring by G. Caneva, O. Maggi, M. P. Nugari, A. M. Pietrini, R. Piervittori, S. Ricci (auth.), Paolo Mandrioli, Giulia Caneva, Cristina Sabbioni (eds.)