Get Democracy and the Left: Social Policy and Inequality in PDF

By Evelyne Huber, John D. Stephens

Even if inequality in Latin the USA ranks one of the worst on the earth, it has particularly declined during the last decade, offset by way of advancements in well-being care and schooling, stronger courses for social suggestions, and raises within the minimal wage.
In Democracy and the Left, Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens argue that the resurgence of democracy in Latin the US is essential to this modification. as well as at once affecting public coverage, democratic associations allow left-leaning political events to emerge, considerably influencing the allocation of social spending on poverty and inequality. yet whereas democracy is a crucial determinant of redistributive switch, it really is certainly not the one issue. Drawing on a wealth of knowledge, Huber and Stephens current quantitative analyses of eighteen international locations and comparative old analyses of the 5 so much complex social coverage regimes in Latin the United States, displaying how foreign energy constructions have inspired the course in their social coverage. They increase those analyses by way of evaluating them to the advance of social coverage in democratic Portugal and Spain.

The so much formidable exam of the improvement of social coverage in Latin the USA so far, Democracy and the Left exhibits that inequality is way from intractable—a discovering with an important coverage implications worldwide.

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Additional info for Democracy and the Left: Social Policy and Inequality in Latin America

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This fi nding confi rms that length of the democratic record is a crucial variable in so far as longer periods of democracy allow parties to assume a stronger programmatic profi le. Programmatic representation, then, is not a variable that suddenly appears in the 1990s but can already be used as an explanatory tool for the 1960s. Contrary to the contentions of some scholars writing about parties in Latin America, we argue that expectations regarding policy preferences of left parties derived from the work on social policy in Europe travel relatively well to Latin America.

5 Political parties are among the main actors responsible for the social construction of class interests and for the defense of these interests in the political arena. Compared to parties in advanced industrial democracies, Latin American parties on average are newer and weaker as or- Theory and Method 27 ganizations. This feature is mainly a result of the weaker record of democracy. Parties cannot take root in society and develop functioning structures if they do not have room to participate in elections and the exercise of power.

In the 2001 work, we argued that the domestic structure of power was most decisive for welfare state development in advanced capitalist democracies and that the proximate driving force was partisan government (Huber and Stephens 2001a). In our view, Esping-Andersen’s “three worlds of welfare capitalism” were the product of long-term government Theory and Method 19 by social democratic parties, Christian democratic parties, or center and right secular parties. Both social democratic governance and Christian democratic governance resulted in generous, but different kinds, of welfare states: the former more universalistic and egalitarian in both gender and class terms, and the latter with occupation-based entitlements and less egalitarian in class and, especially, gender terms.

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Democracy and the Left: Social Policy and Inequality in Latin America by Evelyne Huber, John D. Stephens

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