By Paola Beninca, Adam Ledgeway, Nigel Vincent
This publication examines diachronic swap and variety within the morphosyntax of Romance types spoken in Italy. those forms provide a particularly fertile terrain for study into language swap, due to either the richness of dialectal version and the size of the interval of textual attestation. whereas realization some time past has been focussed at the edition present in phonology, morphology, and vocabulary, this quantity examines edition in morphosyntactic buildings, masking more than a few themes designed to take advantage of and discover the interplay of the geographical and ancient dimensions of change.
The commencing bankruptcy units the scene for professional and non-specialist readers alike, and establishes the conceptual and empirical historical past. There persist with a sequence of case reviews investigating the morphosyntax of verbal and (pro)nominal structures and the association of the clause. info are drawn from the complete variety of Romance dialects spoken in the borders of contemporary Italy, starting from Sicily and Sardinia via to Piedmont and Friuli. a number of the reports slim the point of interest to a selected building inside of a selected dialect; others develop out to check diversified styles of evolution inside diverse dialects. there's additionally variety within the theoretical frameworks followed by way of many of the contributors.
The booklet goals to take inventory of either the present nation of the sector and the culmination of modern learn, and to set out new effects and new inquiries to support movement ahead the frontiers of that study. will probably be a useful source not just for these focusing on the learn of Italo-Romance forms, but additionally for different Romanists and for these attracted to exploring and realizing the mechanisms of morphosyntactic swap extra quite often.
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Additional resources for Diachrony and Dialects: Grammatical Change in the Dialects of Italy
For instance, while it is common in early texts in many parts of Italy to ﬁnd examples where the ﬁnite complementizer che or ca ‘that’ is repeated, only in these early Sardinian texts do we ﬁnd the repetition of the non-ﬁnite complementizer de (Vincent 2006). However, in many areas we are more fortunate in that not only is there a long textual tradition, but it is also a very varied one. g. Stussi 1965). Similarly, in compiling his monumental historical grammar of The evolution of Italo-Romance morphosyntax 7 Neapolitan, Ledgeway (2009a) was able to draw on extensive texts going back into the early years of the 14th century.
1 below). Consequently, where most Romance varieties morphologically mark an indicative/subjunctive contrast on the verb in cases like (1) and (2), southern Italian dialects (3) and (4) neutralize this modal distinction through the indiscriminate use of an indicative form in both cases:1 (1) (2) a. ind b. ) well a. come b. ) well * This study is dedicated to Mair, who has been a generous and inspirational colleague and a dear friend to both of us for many years. 1 In what follows, free translations of the examples are only provided where the sense is not immediately inferable from the glosses.
Ptp A relevant factor here is expressive necessity. In these dialects, as elsewhere in Ræto-Romance, the ‘come’ verb is the only passive auxiliary. If the examples in (15) were not acceptable, the feature complex [perfect, passive] would remain unexpressed and inexpressible. At this point, however, it is time to bring our own reﬂections on these themes of inter-dialectal variation and contrast to a close and point the reader in the direction of the individual studies collected here. 6 The chapters Some of the chapters in this volume have already ﬁgured at various points in the preceding discussion.
Diachrony and Dialects: Grammatical Change in the Dialects of Italy by Paola Beninca, Adam Ledgeway, Nigel Vincent